Biodegradable VS Compostable
“Compostable” and “Biodegradable” are two words often used improperly to mean the same thing. It is however important to grasp the difference in order to preserve the environment and proceed with the correct disposal of these materials, which are in fact similar but different. Let’s see why!
A product is compostable if it has the ability to transform into compost through the composting process, which exploits the biodegradability of the organic starting materials to transform into a final product that takes the name of compost. Compost is therefore the result of the disintegration and biodegradation of the organic material. In domestic environments, composting is powered by organic waste.
A product is biodegradable when it has the ability to break down autonomously into simpler substances. The organic starting substances are totally converted into simple molecules such as water, carbon dioxide and methane. In nature, every organic waste has its own biodegradation times, which is significantly affected by the environment in which it is found: in cold and dry environments, biodegradation processes are significantly slower than in hot and humid environments.
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